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Roma Termini, the gate to the Eternal City, is the largest station of Italy and one of the biggest in Europe, as well as the only station in the world that can boast invaluable archaeological remains in it. Termini is also the most important multi-transport hub of the capital, providing services and commercial opportunities to its 160+ mln visitors per year. The station is structured on multiple levels, including an underground floor with metro lines connections and a newly-built terrace overlooking the track area. The impressive people flows that visit it every day and its position in the heart of the Italian capital are what make it an unparalleled retail location on national scale, while its iconic media installations – that cover a 600 sqm area – turn it into an extraordinary showcase in terms of advertising and communication as well. Over the years, its iconic energy and liveliness have often served as the perfect set for hundreds of film shootings and events and, today, the station keeps inspiring new start-ups on national and international scale.
Roma Termini was named after its location, the plateau of the Esquilino hill near the Thermae Diocletianae.
The first structure of the current station was built in 1867 based on a project by Salvatore Bianchi. The newly-built complex comprised a central body with an iron and glass roofing – a very popular solution in the late 19th century – and two twin buildings, one at each side.
In the late 1930s the station was enlarged with the erection ex novo of a building complex designed by architect Angiolo Mazzoni, the architectural features of which can still be seen along via Giolitti and via Marsala (the famous “wings”). Mazzini’s work was left unfinished, then reprised in the post-war period by an équipe coordinated by architects Montuori and Vitellozzi, who created the “Dinosaur”, i.e. the elegant, sinuous roofing over the station’s main hall.